It can be depressing to finally comprehend the old financial adage “it’s not what you make that matters, it’s what you keep.” Never is that more true than in retirement where every spendable dollar matters. But the realization of spendable monies generally comes too late to do anything about it.  It’s the significant loss of your retirement dollars to taxes that costs you every year of your retirement. The tax management of retirement monies isn’t dealing with it just during retirement, but dealing with it well before retirement. Most people in or near retirement don’t have a clue regarding their effective tax bracket and what “head room” remains for tax conversion strategies without “bracket bumping.” Headroom is the annual amount available to convert qualified plan monies to tax free monies without increasing your tax bracket. The goal is not to convert an amount that would bump the taxpayer into a higher tax bracket. Ideally, people should consider qualified plan conversion right after age 59½ and continue the conversion process up to age 70½. The goal is to pay taxes before retirement and fund Roth IRAs and Cash Value Life Insurance. Both have the potential to generate tax-free income that will   Read more…